Internet Datagram Example: Time Service (Pseudo-code)

LAST EDIT:   09 Adar 5761, 2001/03/04

The server:

	sd = socket ( PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, def_proto )

	sname = ( INADDR_ANY, let_system_choose_port )

	bind ( sd, sname, sname_len )

	getsockname (sd, &sname, &sname_len)

	print the port (taken from sname) that we are listening on

	loop forever:

	        /* other_sname & other_sname_len will be set to the */
		/* name of the socket that sent to us. */

		recvfrom ( sd, &buf, buflen, flags,   
		           &other_sname,  &other_sname_len )

		reply_msg = current system time

		sendto ( sd,  reply_msg, reply_msg_len,
			 other_sname, other_sname_len )
C code of server

The client:

	sd = socket ( PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, def_proto )

	request_message  = "t"  /* doesn't matter what it is */

	other_sname = ( IP_of_server, port_of_server )

	sendto ( sd, request_message, request_message_len,
		 other_sname, other_sname_len )

	bytes_read = read ( sd, &time_buf, max_bytes)
C code of client

Further Notes:

There are in fact offical TCP/IP protocols for a time service. They are:

the server sends back the current date and time as a text string. This service is available in both TCP (streams) & UDP (datagrams) on port 13.

To get the time, the client simply connects (TCP) or sends a request (UDP) to port 13 on the host providing the service. It does not need to send any data. When the server gets a connection/request, it ignores whatever data is sent. Instead, it simply finds out who initiated the request & sends the current time back to him.

Same as daytime, except: